A Collective Focus to Achieve Net-Zero by 2070: PE&VC Conclave on “Financing India’s Green Future”


The Bombay Chamber, under the aegis of the PE&VC Committee, successfully convened a highly insightful Conclave on the

topic, “Financing India’s Green Future.” The event, which took place in a hybrid mode, brought together industry leaders, experts,

and thought pioneers to explore sustainable and responsible approaches to financing projects with significant environmental

benefits. The Conclave addressed the pressing need for substantial investment and financing to support India’s ambitious goal of

achieving net-zero emissions by 2070.

India, as one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, is poised to make a transformative shift toward a cleaner,

greener economy. According to a recent Reserve Bank report, India’s green financing requirement is projected to be at least 2.5

percent of its GDP annually until 2030. This commitment entails substantial investment in renewable energy and a significant

reduction in the energy intensity of GDP, approximately 5 percent annually.

Sandeep Khosla, Director General of Bombay Chamber of Commerce & Industry, welcomed the audience and emphasised the

pivotal role that green finance will play in India’s journey toward achieving net-zero emissions by 2070.

Setting the tone for the Conclave, Akalpit Gupte, Managing Director & Head Compliance at Deutsche Bank India, highlighted the

need to mobilise funds and steer policy directives toward green initiatives. He emphasised the importance of accountability and

the efficient utilisation of funds in green projects. Gupte also stressed the necessity of active regulations and industry

participation in India’s sustainability efforts.

Delivering his Keynote Address, Shri Pramod Rao, Executive Director of SEBI, acknowledged the rapid changes happening in

India, with the Government and RBI leading the way. He emphasised the importance of diverse funding sources for India’s

corporate sector and the need to provide purpose-driven financing for sustainable initiatives. He discussed SEBI’s role in

enhancing green finance through revised definitions, third-party verification processes, and enhanced disclosure mechanisms,

such as mandating Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting (BRSR) BRSR Core Framework for assurance and ESG

disclosures for top 1000 companies.

Giving his presentation, Amit Kumar, Partner-Climate and Energy Leader at Grant Thornton Bharat, discussed India’s long and

short-term clean energy goals, emerging investment opportunities in clean energy sectors, and key green financing initiatives.

The first panel discussion, moderated by Saurabh Kamdar, Associate Partner at KPMG India, featured industry experts Govind

Sankaranarayanan, Co-Founder & COO, Ecofy, Raman Kalra, Vice President & Senior Partner, Communications Sector Leader

& Sustainability Consulting Leader, IBM , Padmanabh (Paddy) Sinha, Executive Director & CIO-Private Equity at National

Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) and Siddharth Mayur, Founder, Managing Director & CEO, H2E Power Systems

Private Ltd. & MD, HEXIS AG, discussing funding for India’s sustainability transition, renewable energy, mobility, infrastructure,

and supply chain development. The panel explored niche and targeted green finance products, technology’s role in

decarbonisation, and digital acceleration of the transition.

A presentation on GIFT IFSCA’s evolution and its role in financing India’s Green Future was delivered by Pavan Shah, General

Manager, IFSCA.

The second panel discussion, moderated by Prerana Langa, CEO of Aga Khan Agency for Habitat India, focused on navigating

the evolving regulatory landscape in green financing. Panellists, including Shailesh Haribhakti, Jigar Shah, Manu Maudgal, and

Dr. Rambabu Paravastu, discussed carbon pricing regulations, sustainability actions, data quality improvement, and the real

world impact of sustainability initiatives. .

The Conclave concluded with a Vote of Thanks by Ashith Kampani, Chairperson of the PE&VC Committee at Bombay Chamber,

who expressed gratitude to the speakers, participants, and the Chamber for their invaluable contributions to the event.

The Bombay Chamber’s “Financing India’s Green Future” Conclave served as a platform for in-depth discussions, knowledge

sharing, and collaborative efforts to support India’s journey towards a sustainable and environmentally responsible future

In his keynote address, Shri. Ananth Narayan Gopalkrishnan, Whole-time Member, SEBI shed light on the private equity space and SEBI’s outlook towards Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs). Shri. Gopalkrishnan highlighted the impressive growth of the private equity sector over the past few years. He mentioned that AIF investment commitments reached 8.3 Lakh crores as of March 2023, showing a compounded annual growth rate of 38%. Actual money invested in AIFs demonstrated a compounded annual growth rate of 40% over the last five years, totaling 3.4 Lakh crores.


Addressing the funding landscape, Shri. Gopalkrishnan noted that commitment in the AIF space has been rising by 2 lakh crores over the past two years, with 60% of the commitment coming from domestic participants and 40% from foreign investors. The number of AIFs has also increased to 1100, showcasing a 50% annual compounded growth rate and reflecting a thriving ecosystem. He emphasised that this early-stage capital contributes to wealth creation, investments, job creation, and GDP growth.


Shri. Gopalkrishnan underscored the three pillars of SEBI’s mandate: investor protection, market development, and market regulation. He emphasised that trust forms the foundation of the entire system, and SEBI’s role is to minimise errors and build trust within the capital formation process. He highlighted the substantial growth in equity investments made by regional funds, which rose from less than 4 lakh crores to over 24.5 Lakh crores. Shri. Gopalkrishnan also emphasised three key areas on SEBI’s radar: valuation, potential regulatory arbitrage, and misselling. He reassured companies that SEBI is open to receiving details of any wrongdoing in the market and encouraged them to build trust and credibility in the ecosystem. He acknowledged India’s immense potential for growth, highlighting its entrepreneurial spirit and strong work culture.


The conclave featured two insightful panels addressing crucial aspects of the private market. The first panel of the day, moderated by Nimesh Kampani, Founding Partner, 108 Capital saw Madhu Lunawat, – CIO, India Inflection Opportunities Fund, Satyam Kumar, CEO & Co-Founder, LoanTap Financial Technologies, Ashish Fafadia, Partner, Blume Venture Advisors, and Ritwick Ghoshal, Managing Partner & CEO, Bay Capital Investment Advisors give their insight into the topic Business Opportunities, Challenges & the Future: Driving Private Investments. The panel explored the current situation of the private market in India amidst the funding winter, examined the available exit options for companies, assessed the challenges and opportunities in raising debt or equity swiftly, discussed cost of equity vs cost of debt and envisioned ways to create a systematic platform for private markets. 

The second panel, on Creating a Conducive Tax and Regulatory Environment, moderated by Rahul Shah, Executive Vice President, Indian Venture Capital Association (IVCA) saw panelists Dr Archana Hingorani, Managing Partner, Siana Capital, Tejas Desai, Partner, Ernst & Young LLP (EY India), Vatsal Gaur, Partner, King Stubb & Kasiva, Advocates & Attorneys and Manish Kumar, Co-founder GREX & RealX share their expertise on the subject. The panel covered aspects including AIF regulations, the GIFT city and the need for enabling infrastructure,  onshoring of offshore fund structures, Angel Tax and the global competitiveness of the Indian PE&VC ecosystem. 


The Conclave concluded with a vote of thanks delivered by Ashith Kampani, Chair, PE&VC Committee, and Chairman, CosmicMandala15 Securities.

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